Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU

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Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU

Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU. Art teachers are in a position to shape students cognitive development as well as encourage their creativity, engage their critical thinking, and support their desire to seek and embrace innovations. With this influence comes the responsibility to provide students with a supportive environment that builds confidence in their distinct talents while preparing them for real world art applications. In turn, today’s art classroom presents a set of unique challenges that require art teachers to apply a more current skill set and take a creative, proactive approach to art education. This translates to the methods in which educators communicate and collaborate with students as well. Keeping in view the importance of teaching of arts and crafts and its role in the curriculum, this unit addresses the effectiveness of teaching of arts and crafts and its relationship with the curriculum.

Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU
Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU

Unit No: 3

Teaching of Art and Craft

OBJECTIVES OF THE UNIT:

After studying this unit you will be able to:

1. Explain the effectiveness of teaching of arts and crafts,

2. Describe the role and responsibilities of art and craft teachers,

3. Relate the general curriculum with the art and craft curriculum,

4. Explain the relationship of art and craft curriculum with other subjects.

1. Effective teaching of Arts and Crafts:

In order to know about the effective teaching of arts and crafts, the students should be well aware about the concept of teaching. First of all we will explain that what is teaching and what is effective teaching.

1.1 What is teaching?

To know about the term teaching, first we should know that who is a teacher and what refers to the term teacher.

A teacher or school teacher is a person who provides education for pupils (children) and students (adults).

Teacher teaches skills to the students. They also explain information. Teachers plan their lessons before they teach. Teachers try to make their lessons easy to understand. They teach things in different ways so that different students can learn in the way that is easiest for them. Teachers might use a chalkboard, a projector, or a computer. They make posters or worksheets before class starts. Teachers plan the schedule for the day. Most teachers have to teach what the principal tells them. Teachers also assign homework and class projects to their students.

1.2. Qualities of a good teacher:

2. Good teachers have a sense of purpose:

You can’t be good in a broad sense; you have to be good for something. As a teacher, this means that you know what your students expect, and you make plans to meet those expectations. You, too, have expectations about what happens in your classroom, based on the goals you’re trying to achieve. If you want to prepare your students for employment, you expect punctuality and good attendance. If you teach a class about tests, you spend time explaining the format of the test and helping students to improve their test-taking skills. And if you want your students to become better, more involved readers, you allow time for reading and provide access to books.

3. Good teachers have expectations of success for all students:

This is the great paradox of teaching. If we base our self-evaluation purely on the success of our students, we’ll be disappointed. At all levels, but especially in arts and crafts education, there are simply too many factors in students ‘lives for a teacher to be able to guarantee success to all. At the same time, if we give up on our students, adopting a philosophical, “it’s out of my hands” attitude, and students will sense our lack of commitment and tune out. The happy medium can be achieved with a simple question: Did I do everything that I could in this class, this time, to meet the needs of all my students, assuming that complete success was possible? As long as you can answer in the affirmative, you’re creating a climate for success.

4. Good teachers know how to live with ambiguity:

One of the greatest challenges of teaching stems from the lack of immediate, accurate feedback. There is no way to predict precisely what the long-term results of our work will be. But if we have a sense of purpose informing our choice of strategies and materials, and we try to cultivate expectations of success for all our students, we will be less likely to dwell on that unpredictability, choosing instead to focus on what we can control, and trusting that thoughtful preparation makes good outcomes more likely than bad ones. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

5. Good teachers adapt and change to meet student needs:

Can we really claim to have taught a class in geography if no one learned any of the concepts in the lesson from our presentation? If none of our students ever pick up a book outside of the classroom, have we really taught them to be better readers? We don’t always think about these issues, but they are at the heart of effective teaching. A great lesson plan and a great lesson are two entirely different things; it’s nice when one follows the other, but we all know that it doesn’t always work out that way. We teach so that students will learn, and when learning doesn’t happen, we need to be willing to devise new strategies, think in new ways, and generally do anything possible to revive the learning process. It’s wonderful to have a good methodology, but it’s better to have students engaged in good learning.

6. Good teachers are reflective:

This may be the only infallible, absolute characteristic of all good teachers, because without it, none of the other traits we’ve discussed can fully mature. Good teachers routinely think about and reflect on their classes, their students, their methods, and their materials. They compare and contrast, draw parallels and distinctions, review, remove and restore. Failing to observe what happens in our classes on a daily basis disconnects us from the teaching and learning process, because it’s impossible to create connectivity if you’ve disconnected yourself.

7. Good teachers are comfortable with not knowing:

If we reflect honestly and thoughtfully on what happens in our classes, we will often find dilemmas we cannot immediately resolve, questions we cannot answer. In the same way, our teaching benefits if we can live for a little while with a question, think and observe, and let an answer develop in response to the specific situation we face.

8. Good teachers had good role models:

Think back again to your three best teachers. How has your own teaching been shaped by their practices, consciously or unconsciously? Think also of the worst teacher you ever had. Are there things you absolutely will not do because you remember how devastating they were to you or your classmates? We learn to teach gradually, and absorb ideas and practices from a variety of sources. How many movies have you seen that include a teacher as a character, and how might those films have contributed to your practice? We are not always aware of the influences on our teaching, good and bad; reflecting on the different models of teaching we’ve acquired, and looking at how we acquired them, makes us better able to adapt and change to suit new challenges.

9. Good teachers enjoy their work and their students:

Teachers who enjoy their work and their students are motivated, energized, and creative. The opposite of enjoyment is burnout-the state where no one and nothing can spark any interest. Notice, too, that enjoying your work and enjoying your students may be two different things. Focusing too much on content may make students feel extraneous, misunderstood, or left out. Focusing exclusively on students, without an eye to content, may make students feel understood and appreciated, but may not help them to achieve their educational goals as quickly as they’d like. Achieving a balance between the two extremes takes time and attention; it demands that we observe closely, evaluate carefully, and act on our findings. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

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Activity NO: 1

Imagine yourself as a teacher and think that to what extent you have qualities of a good teacher as mentioned above.

Important Points:

  • Teaching is a way of transmitting knowledge from teacher to students.
  • Good teacher is purposive
  • Good teachers have same expectations from all students
  • Good teachers do their work with enthusiasm

Exercise No: 1

Tick ( ) the correct answer with and wrong answer with ( ×)

  1. Good teacher does not have sense of purpose.
  2. Good teacher keeps expectations of successes from all students.
  3. Good teacher does not have the skill of adaptability.
  4. Good teachers are comfortable with not knowing.
  5. Good teacher sometime appreciate their students.

Teaching:

Teaching is the process of learning. It is two way traffic in which teacher and students are the passengers. It is a process of communication between teacher and students for learning of some topics. Teaching learning process is only effective if the learning goals are achieved both by teacher and students.

2. Principles of good arts and crafts teaching:

1. Good teaching is as much about passion as it is about reason. It’s about not only motivating students to learn, but teaching them how to learn, and doing so in a manner that is relevant, meaningful, and memorable. It’s about caring for your craft, having a passion for it, and conveying that passion to everyone, most importantly to your students.

2. Good teaching is about substance and training students as consumers of knowledge. It’s about doing your best to keep on top of your field, reading sources, inside and outside of your areas of expertise, and being at the leading edge as often as possible. But knowledge is not confined to scholarly journals. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

3. Good teaching is also about bridging the gap between theory and practice. It’s about leaving the ivory tower and immersing oneself in the field, talking to, consulting with, and assisting practitioners, and liaising with their communities.

4. Good teaching is about listening, questioning, being responsive, and remembering that each student and class is different. It’s about eliciting responses and developing the oral communication skills of the quiet students. It’s about pushing students to excel; at the same time, it’s about being human, respecting others, and being professional at all times.

5. Good teaching is about not always having a fixed agenda and being rigid, but being flexible, fluid, experimenting, and having the confidence to react and adjust to changing circumstances. It’s about getting only 10 percent of what you wanted to do in a class do and still feeling good. It’s about deviating from the course syllabus or lecture schedule easily when there is more and better learning elsewhere. Good teaching is about the creative balance between being an authoritarian dictator on the one hand and a pushover on the other. Good teachers migrate between these poles at all times, depending on the circumstances. They know where they need to be and when.

6. Good teaching is also about style. Should good teaching be entertaining? You bet! Does this mean that it lacks in substance? Not a chance! Effective teaching is not about being locked with both hands glued to a podium or having your eyes fixated on a slide projector while you drone on. Good teachers work the room and every student in it. They realize that they are conductors and the class is their orchestra. All students play different instruments and at varying proficiencies. A teacher’s job is to develop skills and make these instruments come to life as a coherent whole to make music.

7. Good teaching is about humor. This is very important. It’s about being self-deprecating and not taking you too seriously. It’s often about making innocuous jokes, mostly at your own expense, so that the ice breaks and students learn in a more relaxed atmosphere where you, like them, are human with your own share of faults and shortcomings. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

8. Good teaching is about caring, nurturing, and developing minds and talents. It’s about devoting time, often invisible, to every student. It’s also about the thankless hours of grading, designing or redesigning courses, and preparing materials to further enhance instruction.

9. Good teaching is supported by strong and visionary leadership, and very tangible instructional support resources, personnel, and funds. Good teaching is continually reinforced by an overarching vision that transcends the entire organization from full professors to part-time instructors and is reflected in what is said, but more importantly by what is done.

10. Good teaching is about mentoring between senior and junior faculty, teamwork, and being recognized and promoted by one’s peers. Effective teaching should also be rewarded, and poor teaching needs to be remediated through training and development programs.

11. at the end of the day, good teaching is about having fun, experiencing pleasure and intrinsic reward like locking eyes with a student in the back row and seeing the synapses and neurons connecting, thoughts being formed, the person becoming better, and a smile cracking across a face as learning all of a sudden happens. It’s about the former student who says your course changed her life. It’s about another telling you that your course was the best one he’s ever taken. Good teachers practice their craft not for the money or because they have to, but because they truly enjoy it and because they want to. Good teachers couldn’t imagine doing anything else.

Activity No: 2

Visit near bye elementary school and observe class 5th teacher is following the principles of good teaching or not. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

Important Points:

  • Good teaching is also about bridging the gap between theory and practice
  • Good teaching is as much about passion as it is about reason.
  • Good teaching is about mentoring between senior and junior faculty, teamwork, and being recognized and promoted by one’s peers
  • Good teaching is supported by strong and visionary leadership.
  • Good teaching has an element of humor.
  • Good teaching is friendly but firm.

Exercise NO: 2

Give brief answers to the following:

1. Why good teaching is about passion and reason?

2. Describe the style of good teaching?

3. Effective teaching of Arts and crafts

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1. Effective teaching of arts and crafts is creative:

Teaching of arts and crafts is a challenging job. It can only be effective when it develops creativity in the students. Effective teaching stimulate the students minds for creative activities which not only enlighten their minds but also helpful for the future successes of the students. For example when the teacher give any kind of arts or crafts activity to the students. They try to make that thing and put some new ideas for designing. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

2. Effective teaching of arts and crafts is meaningful:

An arts and craft teaching is always meaningful. It not only covers the curriculum but also give new directions to the thoughts of the students. Every crafts or arts activity has a meaning behind. For example if the students are putting colors in a particular picture. It does not mere mean to put colors but also to develop the aesthetic sense of the students.

3. Effective teaching maintains interest of the students:

The best teacher is that who can maintain the interest of the students in the class lesson. Effective teaching can only take place when the students actively participate in the teaching learning process. Good teacher captures the interest of the students through different type of innovative activities according to the mental level and interest of the students.

4. Effective teaching of arts and craft is thought provoking:

Teaching of arts and crafts is effective when it awakens and provokes the minds of the students, and develops divergent thinking of the students. The teacher helps the students by indulging them in different activities and they participate in those arts and crafts activities which provide a chance to them to use their brilliant ideas and make the things more innovative.

5. Effective teaching of arts and crafts enhances the cognitive abilities:

One of the roles of effective teaching is to enhance the cognitive abilities of the students. Cognitive abilities play important role in overall performance of the students in other classes also. If their cognition is good they can excel in each class and can understand the concepts easily teach by the teacher. So it is the quality of effective teaching to develop the cognitive abilities of the students.

6. Effective arts and crafts teaching is integrative:

Effective teaching integrates all the subjects with arts and crafts. For example the teacher in arts and crafts class of grade 9th is teaching visual arts but relate her lesson with the science subjects such as biology and chemistry etc. at the same time. It not only increases the subject knowledge of the students but also develops the skills to the students that how other subjects are interlinking with each other. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

7. Effective teaching relates with daily life:

Good teacher is one who relates her each lesson with the daily life experiences of the students. For example while teaching arts and crafts the teacher planned her class activities and lessons in such a way that give the realization to the students that they are discussing about their daily life routine. Such as teaching the concepts of Pakistani arts and crafts the teacher should give the activity of making crafts samples of the area to which each student belong.

8. Effective teaching maintains discipline in the class:

Effective teaching of arts and crafts maintains the discipline in the class. As the whole teaching process of arts and crafts is more practice based therefore it become very difficult to maintain the discipline inside the class particularly on the primary level, the talent and effectiveness of the teacher proved by her class discipline. If the discipline in the class maintains, the best teaching learning process will only be possible. The students will understand the concepts easily if they are properly sitting in the class and listening their teacher.

Effective teaching of arts and crafts is evaluative:

Good teacher always kept on judging her performance continuously. He/she daily evaluate her lesson either herself or by her colleagues. She always takes feedback about her teaching. This provide her the opportunity to improve her lesson and teaching methodology, because the subject arts and crafts needs that the teacher should be up dated about the emerging trends and methods of the field.

Effective teaching of arts and crafts is motivating:

It is one of the qualities of effective teaching of arts and crafts that it motivates the students. If the students are not motivating towards the lesson or other dimensions of the class activities it means that teaching process is not effective. Effective teaching motivates the students in such manner that they become willing for learning. It enhances their intrinsic capacity for learning which enables the students to not only participate in class discussion but also make them to study other books and resource materials related to their subjects.

Effective teaching is group teaching:

Teaching in groups is one of the characteristic of effective teaching of arts and crafts. The teacher divides the class into different groups. These groups might be on the basis of abilities or friendship or mixed ability grouped. It is up to the teacher that how she thinks suitable to divide the class into groups. After grouping different activities assigned to the students. Teaching in groups keep up discipline in the class and students carry on their work with mutual consultation. It creates the sense of cooperation and help among the students. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

Activity NO: 3

Compare the characteristics of effective teaching of arts and crafts with teaching of English in nearby School at class 8th level.

Important Points:

An effective arts and craft teaching is:

  • Creative
  • Interactive
  • Meaningful
  • Thought provoking
  • Interesting
  • Maintains discipline
  • Enhance cognitive abilities
  • Integrated

Exercise NO: 3

Choose the correct answer

1. Teaching of art and craft develops:

I. Creativity in the students

II. Positivity in the students

III. Negativity in the students

2. Effective teaching of art and craft enhances:

I. Social abilities of the students

II. Cognitive abilities of the students

III. Mathematical abilities of the students

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4 Role and responsibilities of an Arts and crafts teacher:

The following are the roles and responsibilities of an art teacher:

1. Art teachers must have a thorough understanding of visual art and related materials. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

2. It is very essential for arts and crafts teacher to have depth understanding of student characteristics, abilities and learning styles in order to run smoothly teaching learning process.

3. Social and economic backgrounds of the students must be known to the arts and crafts teachers. He/she should also understand the diversity of social and cultural constructions of identity.

4. Participation of teachers in arts and crafts curriculum development is very important because they know the needs and requirements of the students, therefore it is the responsibility of the teacher to participate in selections of art content and curricula.

5. The teachers are better known about the performance of the students therefore arts and crafts teachers use knowledge of students as learners to plan appropriate instruction.

6. Art teachers should use contemporary technology to enhance teaching and learning.

7. It is the role of the arts and craft teachers to conduct meaningful and appropriate assessments of student learning or output.

8. It is the duty of arts and crafts teacher to judge her performance daily in order to teach effectively. Therefore, arts and crafts teachers systematically reflect on their own teaching practice. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

9. It is one of the responsibilities of the arts teacher to check the overall effectiveness of arts and crafts programs inside the school. It provides the chance to bring new and innovative changes in the program and eliminate the ineffective elements from the overall plan of arts and crafts.

10. Arts and crafts teachers should consult with other staff members and should discuss about her teaching and methodology and subject matter in order to improve their teaching and students learning. Therefore the collaboration with other teachers is very essential.

11. Every lesson or topic of arts and crafts teaching is based on the culture and tradition of any society or community. Therefore it is the responsibility of the teacher to teach in such a way that the students learn about their culture effectively.

12. It is the fundamental role of arts and crafts teacher to improve her qualification and professional development through continues education. Therefore it is the responsibility of arts and crafts teachers contribute to the growth of their profession.

13. They should have the skill of working with children.

14. It is the responsibility of the arts and crafts teacher to maintain the discipline in the class.

15. She or He should have the skill to regulate the conduct of the students.

16. Arts and crafts teacher has a number of general responsibilities in their daily teaching job. They must provide a wonderful learning environment for the children, teach them how to interact with others and help them with their daily needs. The preschool teacher will instruct them in basic educational programs, teach them to be creative and provide them with a safe and caring environment to learn and grow.

17. It is the responsibility of and arts and crafts teacher to plan creative activities for the students.

18. Observe and evaluate students’ performance, behavior, social development, and physical health.

19. Prepare materials and classrooms for class activities.

20. Adapt teaching methods and instructional materials to meet students’ varying needs and interests. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

4.1 Role and responsibilities of Arts and crafts teacher at Pre School level:

1. A preschool teacher has a wide array of specific duties which they must complete on a daily basis. With regard to educational aspects, the preschool teacher must prepare daily lesson plans to help the children start learning basic education to get them ready for primary school. The preschool teacher will have a set educational plan each day which the children will be involved with as a group.

2. The preschool teacher must also prepare creative activities for the children to complete each day. It is important that creativity is a big part of the preschool experience and preschool teachers will prepare various activities for the children to engage in. Things such as arts and crafts, music and imagination will all play a big role in the creative learning process.

3. One who is a preschool teacher of arts and crafts must also prepare outdoor activities and games for the students. This will help them improve their coordination and motor skills. With that said, the preschool teacher must ensure a safe play environment for the children to engage in activities within.

4. A preschool teacher must also cater to the basic needs of the children. One who oversees a preschool class must feed the children, serve them beverages and help them with their bathroom needs. They must ensure that they provide a comfortable, nurturing environment for the little ones within their care.

5. Along with teaching the children various things, the preschool teacher must also monitor their development. It is important to know which children are doing fine and which ones may need a little extra help. This will be done by monitoring progress and making notes of the progress of each child.

6. The preschool teacher is also responsible for meeting with other education professionals and parents of the children. During these meetings, the preschool teacher will discuss their lesson plans, what they are doing to improve their classroom techniques and how each of the children is doing with their progress.

Activity NO: 4

Enlist your responsibilities as an art and craft teacher.

Important Points:

  • Arts and crafts teacher must know to the abilities of her students.
  • Must have depth understanding of visual art materials.
  • Must be known to the socio-economic background of the students.
  • Must aware about the individual differences.
  • Should participate in curriculum development.
  • Must know how to integrate activities in arts lessons.
  • Must arrange outdoor activities for children.

Exercise NO: 4

  • Write a note on the role and responsibilities of art and craft teacher.

5. Correlation between arts and other subjects:

Arts are a dynamic subject and have diversity in nature. It has a close relationship with other subjects. To see the relationship of arts and crafts curriculum with other subjects, first we have to identify that what mean by a curriculum.

5.1 What is a curriculum?

  • Curriculum derived from two the Latin words ‘Curry” and ‘Cullum’. ‘Curry’ means path way and ‘column’ means a destination. So its lateral meaning is a pathway towards a destination.
  • It is a set of documents which contains all those activities held inside the school.
  • It is a plan of all educational activities designed by the experts for the students to achieve preset objectives.

5.2 Relationship of Arts curriculum with other subjects:

Arts curriculum has a strong and close relationship with other subjects. The subject of arts is science as well as arts in its nature. Therefore it has not only a relationship with arts subjects but also with science subjects. We will discuss them under the following categories.

5.2.1 Relationship of arts with Biology:

The curriculum of arts and biology has a close interrelationship. A teacher cannot teach biology without making its linkage with arts because the teaching of biology is not possible without the presentation of figures. A teacher cannot explain the concepts of biology without the help of arts. Similarly the students also cannot understand biology if the different concepts are not well presented in the form of illustrative figures. They understand better if the things teach in a scientific way.

5.2.2 Relationship of arts with Chemistry:

In the field of natural sciences chemistry has a close relationship with the arts. Different concepts in chemistry need to have models for teaching to students, so arts have great contribution in chemistry. Presentation of different elements and compounds in the form of tables and figures is also only possible through help of arts.

5.2.3 Relationship of arts with Mathematics:

Mathematics and arts are essential for each other. For example if arts student is making any statue of something, he needs measurement of its height, width and size etc. Here mathematics is involved. Until and unless students’ don’t have sufficient knowledge of mathematics he cannot be a good arts student.

5.2.4 Relationship of arts with physics:

Like other natural sciences physics has also close relationship with arts. Especially when a teacher is teaching the concepts of physics to her students. She cannot teach them without the help of arts. For example the concept of solar system or galaxy can be taught better if the teacher makes the models of these systems.

5.2.5 Relationship of arts with General science:

The teaching task of the general science teacher is very difficult and challenging, because she has to teach three subjects of pure sciences combining in one subject such as physics, chemistry and biology. She cannot teach effectively the concepts of general sciences until and unless she hasn’t the help of arts. The students can understand three different subjects of science through demonstration of these concepts in the form of different models, diagrams and tables etc. Similar the students interest can’t also be maintain through showing the real objects through arts.

5.2.6 Relationship of arts with social studies:

Social studies are the study of society and its people. It is the study of the customs and tradition of society which are adopted by the people. If a teacher wants to teach this subject effectively than she has to include the pictures and models etc. in her class lesson. Similarly she can also give the activities of painting and drawing different festivals and cultures to her students for effective’s learning process.

5.2.7 Relationship of arts with Geography:

Geography and arts has a close relationship with each other. Arts students usually make paintings of the nature. The talent and abilities of an arts student can be reflect from his work which is usually in the form of either sceneries or nature. These things show the imagination and mental creativity of the students. Similarly the teacher of geography cannot teach the topics like climate, lands and history without the help of arts.

5.2.8 Relationship of arts with environmental sciences:

Environmental science has the concepts related to human environment and their life. And in the subjects of arts we study human life and their interaction with environment. Therefore these two subjects have close interrelationship. The teacher of environmental science cannot explain the concepts until and unless she does not have good skills of arts and converting those concepts into figures.

5.2.9 Relationship of arts with Economics:

Economics is the study of wealth and its calculations. Arts study the human behaviors and their attitudes and also give the practical shape to different facts and figures which becomes more illustrative for readers and students. Therefore from this point of view both arts and economics have close link with each other.

5.2.10 Relationship between arts and Home economics:

Arts and crafts have a very close relationship with home economics. Home economics is the study of all materials use at home such as decoration and cooking etc. Arts create beauty in all those materials. Arts bring innovations in these materials. All decoration materials and handmade materials come under the category of home economics which basically deals with arts in broader range.

5.2.11 Relationship of arts with computer sciences:

Arts and computer science has a close link with each other. One important aspects of computer is designing, graphics and maps, and arts needs these elements before giving actual shape to any picture or painting etc. computer also give new directions to the subjects of arts through internet searching and we can study the heritage of arts and crafts of other countries through internet which can help us to modify our own heritage within the limits of our traditions. Teaching of Art and Craft Code 6410 Notes Chapter 3 AIOU.

Activity No: 5

  • Have an overview of biology of class 9th and write the relationship of arts and biology in 10 points.
  • Compare the relationship of arts curriculum both with home economics and physics.

Exercise NO: 5

  • How the curriculum of art and craft has link with biology and geography?

6 Relationship of Arts with General curriculum:

To understand the relationship of arts with general curriculum we will divide the general curriculum into different categories.

6.1. Arts and Humanities:

The humanities are the study of different cultures. This includes their art, literature etc. So, in the most basic sense, much of what we know of ancient civilizations is based mainly on their art, in the forms of pottery, plays, fiction, paintings and even cave drawings. Thus art and the humanities have a direct relationship as one is dependent on the other.

The humanities are academic disciplines which study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytic, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural and social sciences.

Art is the way in which people choose to express themselves; it can be through writing, music, drawing, painting, dance and many other ways. The relationship between art and humanities is that usually art exemplifies what the people are going through at that moment in time, or how individual people are feeling. If you were to look at art from older eras in time you would be able to see that people in painting aren’t dressed as we are now, and language used in writing may not be the same either. This shows the close relationship between art and humanities. Art is molded by humanities included its different branches such as languages, home economics etc. it also helps humanities to make it more expressive. Its relationship is different all over the world and during all eras of time.

6.2 Arts and Natural Sciences:

The history of ideas and practices in both field’s arts and natural sciences contains many resemblances. The analysis of art works in the light of scientific concepts constitutes a case. For example, the exploration of the secret structures of works of art is based on the principles of geometry. The color analysis attempted by the painters themselves or by art historians in the works of early abstract painters introduces elements of the natural sciences regarding the nature of light and the interaction between light and matter. At the same time, the view is put forward that a fuller understanding of spectroscopy in Physics can derive from the application of spectroscopic methods on works of art. the depiction or the pictorial approach to elements of the natural sciences e.g. texts, collections of plant and animal samples, scientific instruments or modern scientific concepts is an activity in which the visual arts contribute to the ‘‘visualization’’ or even the conceptual understanding of natural science phenomena.

6.3 Arts and Management sciences:

One of the enduring questions in the field of management is whether it is an art or a science. Webster’s College Dictionary defines an art as “skill in conducting any human activity” and science as “any skill or technique that reflects a precise application of facts or a principle.” Reflected in the differences in these definitions is the use of precision in science, in that there is a particular, prescribed way in which a manager should act. Thus, management as a science would indicate that in practice, managers use a specific body of information and facts to guide their behaviors, but that management as an art requires no specific body of knowledge, only skill. Conversely, those who believe management is an art are likely to believe that there is no specific way to teach or understand management, and that it is a skill borne of personality and ability.

Henry Mintzberg is the most well-known and prominent advocate of the school of thought that management is an art. Mintzberg is an academic researcher. Mintzberg, through his observation of actual managers in their daily work, determined that managers did not sit at their desks, thinking, evaluating, and deciding all day long, working for long, uninterrupted time periods. Rather, Mintzberg determined that mangers engaged in very fragmented work, with constant interruptions and rare opportunities to quietly consider managerial issues. Thus, Mintzberg revolutionized thinking about managers at the time that his work was published, challenging the prior notion that managers behaved rationally and methodically. This was in line with the perspective of management as an art, because it indicated that managers did not necessarily have routine behaviors throughout their days, but instead used their own social and political skills to solve problems that arose throughout the course of work.

6.4 Arts and Social sciences:

Arts have a very close relationship with social sciences. If we observe the history of human beings it will tell us that arts are the only way of transmitting the human heritage from one generation to other generation. The entire heritage which we have today in the form of statues or paintings is only due to arts. So in this way we became able to study the behaviors of society and human beings and its evolution throughout the history as social sciences are interested to study these aspects of society and human behaviors therefore these two branches of academics are closely link with each other. Similarly the cultures and societal aspects of today are also preserves in the form of paintings and other arts work. We can understand the cultures and traditions of other societies of the world through arts without visiting there.

Activity NO: 6

Identify the differences between the relationship of arts and humanities and natural sciences and arts.

Exercise NO: 6

  • Write five points on the comparison art and craft curriculum and humanities.

Self-assessment questions:

1. Enlist the principles of good teaching.

2. What are the characteristics of effective teaching of arts and crafts?

3. Write a note on role and responsibilities of arts and crafts teacher.

4. What is curriculum? And how can we relate general curriculum with arts curriculum?

5. Explain the relationship of arts curriculum with sciences subjects?

Answers Key:

Exercise No: 1

Correct

2, 4

Wrong

1, 3, 5

Exercise No: 3

1, 2

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